Sample Language Revising Bank

An instructor can share a particular revising code or label system (such as the example below) at the beginning of the semester so that students become familiar with it and understand that they are responsible for focusing on and correcting the patterns of error that it reveals. Below are some of the most common errors that appear in non-native English writing.

Label: Meaning:
ART  Article/determiner problem: This article is incorrect or you are missing the article you need. 
CS  Comma splice: You have joined two complete sentences with a comma. You need to use a comma + a conjunction (such as and, but, or, so), a semi-colon (;), or separate the sentences with a period (.).
DNR  Did not revise: You did not make changes from a previous draft. 
FR  Fragment: This is not a complete sentence. It is missing a subject or verb, or it is a dependent clause and cannot stand alone as a sentence.
NCN  Non-count noun: This noun cannot be made plural.
MP  Missing punctuation: You need a mark of punctuation here.
PRO  Pronoun problem: The pronoun you have used here is not correct. Make sure it matches the gender and number of the noun it is referring to.
PS  Plural/singular: You have the wrong ending for this word.
REP  Repetition: You are unnecessarily repeating an idea or word here.
RO Run-on sentence: Your sentence is too long and needs to be separated into at least two sentences.
SP Spelling: Check spelling.
SV  Subject-verb agreement: Your verb doesn’t match your subject. Check to make sure you have the singular form of the verb if the noun is singular, or the plural form of the verb if the noun is plural.
VF Verb form: The verb form you have chosen is not correct. Check your form (ex., CORRECT: “He is going”; INCORRECT: “He going”).
VT  Verb tense: The verb tense you have chosen is not correct in this sentence.
WF Word form: You need a different form of this word in this position in the sentence (ex: success instead of successfully).